Only the rich were able to afford a private teacher (paedagogus). He would teach young Romans basic reading, writing and arithmetic. At an older age children had to learn famous Roman poems and epic stories by heart. Thus, they were taught grammar and mythology at the same time. The lessons took place in a closed off part of a public building or at home. The average Roman child seldom learnt more than a specific craft, or how to run a household or to harvest crops.