The name Hannibal or Chan-i-bal means something like „Mercy of Baäl“ in Phoenician or Carthague. As Hannibal Barkas himslef attacked the Roman Empire from Africa (the Carthague Empire) it is probable, his elephants originated from there as well. Recent research shows that the African elephant actually are two species, as much different from one another as lions and tigers. But it was a third kind which then still existed Northern Afrika, which he used: the tame elephant.
Hannibal tried – after passing Spain and the Provence – crossing the Alps during the Second Punian War (218 BC–201 BC). Unfortunately, most of them died before the Alps were completely crossed, just like thousands of other animals and men, by starvation or cold. Hannibal lost the war only by a fraction and had to flee to Syria.